Chemical composition of Macadamia integrifolia (Maiden and Betche) nuts from Paraguay
MetadataShow full item record
Date of publishing2017
Type of publicationresearch article
Centesimal composition, fatty acids profile, mineral, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total phenolic compounds (TPC) and α-tocopherol contents of 3 cultivars of Macadamia integrifolia nuts cultivated in Paraguay was evaluated. Its high lipid content (73.5±1.4 g/100g) makes this nut a high energy food (737±18 kcal/100g). High content of monounsaturated fatty acids MUFA (49.4-58.7 mg/100g), mainly oleic (34.5-47.0 mg/100g) and palmitoleic (7.1-12.8 mg/100g) was observed. Minerals Mg, Zn, Cu and Mn reaches good concentration facing nutritional standards. Its antioxidant properties are related to levels of TPC (77.9-96.3 mg galic acid equivalent/100g), α-tocopherol (0.2-18.4 mg/100g) and TAC (21.0-36.8 μM Trolox equivalent/g). The cultivar HAES 344 showed the highest TPC content and the highest TAC level. San Joaquin cultivar exhibited the highest α-tocopherol content. The high content of MUFA, α-tocopherol, as well as, the level of TPC and TAC is consistent with the claims of antioxidant potential of these nuts.